Get started

Pet Health

Obesity Prevention: Keeping Your Dog at a Healthy Weight

Person's hand placing a treat into a bowl of vegan dog food next to a fluffy gray dog sniffing the food. Green apples and PawCo Foods containers are visible in the background.


Keeping our furry friends at a healthy weight is crucial for their overall well-being and happiness. Did you know that nearly 60% of dogs in the U.S. are considered overweight or obese? This can lead to a range of health problems and reduce your dog’s quality of life. But don’t worry, we’re here to help! In this article, we’ll provide you with valuable insights and practical tips to ensure your dog stays fit and healthy.


Understanding Obesity and Overweight in Dogs

What Counts As Obesity, and What Causes It?

First things first, let’s understand what obesity and overweight mean for dogs. A dog is considered overweight if it weighs 10-20% above its ideal body weight and obese if it weighs more than 20% above that ideal weight.

Several factors can contribute to your dog gaining excess weight. Overfeeding is a common culprit, as many dog owners inadvertently give their dogs too many treats or serve portions that are too large. Lack of exercise is another major factor, as insufficient physical activity means that the calories your dog consumes are not burned off effectively. Genetic factors also play a role, with some breeds being more prone to weight gain than others. Additionally, as dogs age, they tend to become less active, which can lead to weight gain if their diet is not adjusted accordingly. Lastly, certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism, can cause weight gain and require veterinary intervention.

Health Risks Associated With Excess Weight

Carrying extra weight can lead to a host of health issues for your dog, such as:

  • Diabetes: Overweight dogs are at a higher risk of developing diabetes, which can lead to complications like cataracts, infections, and nerve damage.
  • Joint Problems: Excess weight puts additional strain on your dog’s joints, potentially leading to arthritis and other mobility issues.
  • Heart Disease: Obesity can contribute to high blood pressure and heart disease, shortening your dog’s lifespan and affecting their quality of life.
  • High Blood Pressure: Similar to humans, overweight dogs can suffer from high blood pressure, which can damage vital organs and lead to serious health problems.
  • Respiratory Issues: Extra weight can make it harder for your dog to breathe, particularly during exercise or in hot weather, leading to respiratory distress.
  • Reduced Lifespan: Overall, overweight and obese dogs have a shorter lifespan due to the increased risk of various health issues and decreased overall vitality.


How to Know if Your Dog Has a Healthy Weight

Body Condition Scoring (BCS)

The Body Condition Scoring (BCS) system is a great tool to help you assess whether your dog is at a healthy weight. This system ranges from 1 to 9, with 1 being extremely underweight and 9 being severely obese. Aim for a score of around 4-5, which indicates a healthy weight.

Signs of a Healthy Weight

Here are some signs to look for to ensure your dog is at a healthy weight:

  • Visible Waistline: When viewed from above, your dog should have a noticeable waist. If your dog’s body is shaped like an oval from above, they might be carrying too much weight.
  • Easily Felt Ribs: You should be able to feel your dog’s ribs without pressing too hard. If you can’t feel the ribs at all, your dog may be overweight. Conversely, if the ribs are too prominent, your dog might be underweight.
  • Tucked-Up Abdomen: When looking at your dog from the side, the abdomen should be tucked up rather than hanging down.
  • Active Behavior: Healthy-weight dogs are generally more energetic and playful. If your dog seems sluggish or unwilling to move, it could be a sign of excess weight or other health issues.
  • Firm Muscle Tone: Dogs at a healthy weight will have firm muscles and a fit appearance. Excess fat can mask muscle tone and make your dog appear flabby.

What to Do if Your Dog is Overweight

If you suspect your dog is overweight, the first step is to consult your vet. Your vet can provide a professional assessment and rule out any medical conditions that might be contributing to weight gain. Once you have a clear understanding of your dog’s health, you can start making adjustments to their diet and exercise routine. Reduce the amount of food and treats you give, and choose a diet designed for weight management. Gradually increase your dog’s physical activity to help burn off excess calories. Remember, consistency is key, so stick to the new routine and monitor your dog’s progress regularly.


Benefits of a Fresh and Vegan Diet for Weight Management

Weight Management

Fresh and vegan diets can be particularly effective for weight management. They are typically lower in calorie density compared to traditional meat-based diets, making it easier to control your dog’s calorie intake. The high fiber content also aids in digestion and keeps your dog feeling full longer, which can help prevent overeating.

Other Health Benefits

  • Nutritional Balance: A fresh, plant-based diet offers a balanced nutritional profile that’s low in calories and high in essential nutrients. Plant-based ingredients like vegetables, fruits, and grains are rich in fiber, helping your dog feel full and satisfied without consuming excess calories.
  • Digestive Health: Fresh, minimally processed ingredients are easier for dogs to digest and allow for better nutrient absorption. This not only supports your dog’s overall health but also helps maintain a healthy weight.
  • Allergy and Sensitivity Management: Many dogs have food allergies or sensitivities to common ingredients like beef, chicken, and dairy. Vegan diets avoid these allergens, potentially reducing issues like skin irritations and digestive problems, which can contribute to weight gain.

PawCo’s Selection

At PawCo, we offer a range of products specifically designed to support healthy weight management:

  • GreenBites: Our Green Mix & Carrots, Peanut Butter & Apple, Pumpkin & Cranberries, and Blueberries & Veggies GreenBites recipes are packed with nutritious plant-based ingredients.
  • LuxBites™: With fermented proteins and postbiotics, LuxBites™ enhance gut health and improve nutrient absorption.
  • InstaBites™: Convenient and nutritious, InstaBites™ are perfect for busy dog parents looking to maintain their dog’s healthy weight effortlessly.


Portion Control and Feeding Guidelines

General Portion Control

Portion control is vital in maintaining a healthy weight for your dog. Overfeeding, even with healthy food, can lead to weight gain. Use measuring cups to ensure you’re feeding the right amount and adjust portions based on your dog’s activity level. Keep in mind that treats should only make up a small portion of your dog’s daily caloric intake.

Activity Levels

Your dog’s activity level significantly influences their nutritional needs. More active dogs require more calories, while less active dogs need fewer. Adjust feeding amounts accordingly to avoid overfeeding. For example, a dog that enjoys long walks and play sessions will need more fuel than a dog that prefers lounging around the house.

PawCo’s Approach

At PawCo, we make it easy to feed your dog the right amount. When you purchase our products, we help you calculate the appropriate portion based on your dog’s age, breed, and weight. We also provide detailed feeding instructions for different activity levels. This personalized approach ensures your dog gets the exact nutrition they need without excess calories.


Other Steps to Ensure a Healthy Weight

Maintaining a healthy weight for your dog goes beyond diet and portion control. Here are additional steps to help keep your furry friend fit and healthy:

Regular Exercise

Regular exercise is crucial for maintaining your dog’s healthy weight. Aim for some physical activity each day, adapting it to your dog’s breed, age, and energy level. Activities like walking, running, playing fetch, and agility training are excellent ways to keep your dog active. For more sedentary dogs, even simple games like tug-of-war or hide-and-seek can make a big difference. Remember to adjust the intensity and duration of exercise based on your dog’s needs and abilities.

Regular Vet Checkups

Regular veterinary checkups are essential for monitoring your dog’s weight and overall health. Your vet can provide tailored advice based on your dog’s specific needs and catch any potential health issues early. Routine checkups also offer an opportunity to discuss your dog’s diet and exercise regimen and make adjustments as necessary to ensure they stay on the right track.

Healthy Treats

Treats are a great way to reward your dog, but it’s important to choose healthy options and give them in moderation. Opt for low-calorie, nutrient-dense treats that provide health benefits without contributing to weight gain. You can also consider using small pieces of fruits and vegetables like carrots, apples, or blueberries as treats. Be mindful of the total caloric intake from treats and adjust your dog’s regular meals accordingly to avoid overfeeding.



Maintaining a healthy weight is crucial for your dog’s health and happiness. By providing a balanced diet, controlling portions, and ensuring regular exercise, you can help your furry friend stay fit and active. At PawCo, we’re here to support you with our range of nutritious, plant-based products tailored to meet your dog’s needs. Visit our website to explore our offerings and start your journey to a healthier, happier dog today!


Accessibility menu (Ctrl+U)